10. The Statue of Liberty
(a) where is the statue of liberty situated?
(b) What does it symbolize?
(c) What is the measure of the statue?
(d) How was it built?
(e) What is the significance of it?
The Statue of Liberty originally is called Liberty Enlightening the world. It is a statue situated on Liberty Island, formerly Bedloc’s Island, in the harbor of New York. .
“The statue Symbolizes Liberty in the form of a woman wearing flowing robes and a spiked crown. She holds a torch aloft in her right hand and carries in her left hand a book inscribed July 4, 1776”. A broken chain symbolizes the overthrow of tyranny. It lies at her feet.
The statue was designed by the French sculptor Frederic Bartholdi and was given by France to the United States to commemorate the centennial of US independence in 1876. France raised funds by
popular subscription to pay for the statue.US donors financed the pedestal and installation of the monument.
The statue, the Island, and nearby Ellis Island were declared a national monument in 1924. The statue is formed of copper sheets riveted to an iron framework. It is one of the largest statues in the world. It measures 93.5 m (306 ft 8in) from the bottom of the pedestal to the tip of the torch. The figure itself is 46.4 m (152 ft 2 in) high; the right arm is 12.81m (42 ft) long; the hand is 5.03 m (16 ft 5 in) long: and the head, which is reachable by staircase or emergency lift, measures 8.5m (28ft) from neck to diadem and 3.05m (10ft) from ear to ear. The statue weighs 254 tonnes(250 tons).
Originally it was conceived as a gesture of international friendship. The statue has become a global symbol of freedom. marking the arrival of millions of immigrants to the United States.
Word meaning: originally (adv.)- মুলত, আসলে; situated (adj.)- অবস্থিত; harbour (n)- পােতাশ্রয়; symbolise (v)-প্রতীক হিসেবে অর্থ প্রকাশ করা; liberty (n)- স্বাধীনতা; robe (n)- ঢিলে-ঢালা পােশাক; spike (n)- পেরেক; loft (adv.)- উপরের দিকে; inscribe (v)- উপরে লেখা; overthrow (v)- ফেলে দেওয়া; tyranny
(n)- অত্যাচার; sculptor (n)- ভাস্কর; centennial (n)- শতবার্ষিকী; subscription (n)- চাদা; measure (n)- পরিমাপ; staircase (n)- সিড়ি; immigrant (n)- অভিবাসী।