7. May Day(মে দিবস)
(a) What is May Day?
(b) How and why is it observed?
(c) What is the background of it?
(d) How do the workers enjoy the privileges today?
(e) What is the significance of the day?
May Day is an international holiday for working people. 1st May is International Workers Day. It commemorates the historic struggle of working people throughout the world. It is recognized in all the countries of the world. As a result of the sacrifice of the martyred workers in 1 886, today workers enjoy all the privileges.Today they get a minimum wage. They have job security, safety laws and eight-hour working time, etc.
On May 3, 1886, police fired into a crowd of strikers at the McCormick Harvest Machine Company, Chicago. They killed at least one striker and five or six others were seriously wounded and left an undetermined number of workers injured. From the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, people in factories had to work very long shifts, lasting up to fourteen or even more hours a day. In the 1880s a new movement calling for an eight-hour day inspired both Labour Unions and unorganized workers.
Mayday has been a symbol for ers all over the world. On this day they renew their vow to fight against oppression and for human rights. It is the day that inspires the workers to be united to realize their demands.
On the whole, May Day is the day of international unity of the working class. This day reminds the Workers to stand up against exploitation and to gain better working conditions, better pay, and better lives.
Word meaning: international (adj.)- আন্তর্জাতিক; commemorate (v)- উদযাপনের মাধ্যমে শুরু করা; struggle (n)- সংগ্রাম; throughout (prep.)- ব্যাপিয়া; recognize (v)- চিহ্নিত করা; sacrifice v]-উৎসর্গ করা; martyr (n)- শহীদ; privileges (n)- সুযােগ-সুবিধা; minimum (adj)- সর্বনিম্ন striker (n)- আন্দোলনকারী; wound (v)-আহত হওয়া; undetermined (adj)- হেয় বিবেচনা করা; injure (v)-আহত হওয়:inspire (v)- উৎসাহ দেওয়া; unorganized (adj)- অপ্রাতিষ্ঠানিক; symbol (n)- প্রতীক; oppression in-নির্যাতন; realize (v)- বুঝতে পারা; remind (v) স্মরণ করিয়ে দেওয়া; exploitation (n) শােষণ ।